What are Institutional Trading Accounts?
There are two types of trading accounts offered on trading platforms – retail trading accounts and institutional trading accounts. Individuals can operate retail trading accounts, but such liberty is not valid when discussing institutional trading accounts.
Institutional trading accounts represent trading accounts that cannot belong to an individual, operated by companies, institutions that trade with a large capital, or other groups. Some institutions that operate these trading accounts include banks, mutual funds, pension funds, hedge funds, and insurance companies. Both government and private institutions can operate these accounts. Hedge funds institutional trading platforms usually are internally developed.
This is because certain features can only be accessed if you are trading with a large sum of money. For example, features such as deep pools of liquidity, advanced platforms, and special client support are offered to you when operating with large funds.
The benefits of an institutional trading account are not limited to just the ones stated above. Unlike individuals operating retail accounts, these traders can enter their financial brokers’ real-time data using their special APIs. Trading becomes an in-house operation with these accounts.
Major league companies and corporations choose institutional trading accounts because:
- They reduce the overall cost of trading.
- They can trade more than one instrument in the market.
- They get access to real-time data.
- The execution time is reduced.
- They get the best price available.
The Best Institutional Trading Platform
Big corporations like to hire third-party developers and use specially designed trading platforms with proper database management, trading engines, connectors to brokers/data feeds, order management engines, etc.
Here is a list of the best institutional trading platforms:
The trading industry pioneer and global leader in broker-neutral, execution, and order management trading systems for equities, foreign exchange, options, futures, and fixed income securities.
2. Trading Technologies – The company exists since 1994 and offers the technologies that enable electronic trading. Today, they set the standard for professional trading platforms.
3. FactSet –
FactSet’s Execution Management System, powered by Portware Intelligence, enables rapid deployment of world-class equity and fixed income trading solutions from within FactSet’s front office workstation. Portware Enterprise helps the world’s largest asset managers and hedge funds manage the challenges of complexity and scale with embedded analytics, sophisticated decision support, and state-of-the-art automation.
4. QuantHouse, an independent firm that delivers advanced API-based algo trading solutions for the past 15 years to buy-side, sell-side, exchanges, and financial technology providers.
5. Bloomberg terminal is a famous world terminal for trading, and some corporations use this platform.
6. Fidessa – this platform executes orders from more than 100 markets and offers automated low-touch trading to complete order and risk management.
7. Advent – Advent delivers technology solutions and services to financial services clients big and small worldwide.
8. Systematics – Since 2008, Systematics is a leading innovative one-stop-shop for asset management and the algorithmic trading industry.
Difference Between Retail and Institutional Accounts
Both are trading accounts but differ greatly from each other. While we have already stated that an individual cannot access an institutional account, the differences run deeper than that.
Retail account holders do not get access to a lot of features like the IPOs. They have to pay a higher trading cost. This happens because retail traders have to pay a flat fee to their brokers. Since they mostly trade with limited shares in small-caps, they pay more brokerage than institutional account holders. As brokers do not get a huge commission from them, the marketing and distribution charges are also borne by the account holders.
The Advantage of Institutional Trading Accounts
There is no doubt that institutional accounts offer a plethora of advantages as compared to retail accounts. The main reason behind this is because the account holders trade large sums, and the frequency is also higher. Since brokers make higher commissions on this account, the traders are offered numerous benefits.
Some of the major advantages are as follows:
- You get an in-depth analysis of the market before trading begins. It allows you to tap on all the major opportunities. The chances of missing a major trend become small.
- You will be allowed to diversify your funds in different securities. You also get access to other exclusive financial instruments. Retail traders don’t get such facilities.
- Traditional accounts are generally given access to IPO investments, which is a huge game-changer.
- Brokers often let institutional trading account holders negotiate commissions and fees. Thus, traders get the best prices.
- The institutional account holders often impact the prices of shares as they deal in large volumes.
Verdict on Institutional Trading Accounts
There is no doubt that institutional trading account holders enjoy more privileges than retail traders. They often get better services and terms of trades. Along with the advantage of trading several securities, they get an in-depth data analysis, which makes tapping on the opportunities and existing trends easier.
They can connect with them faster than retail traders. Since their funds are huge, brokers prefer to give them the best services to retain their clientage. With so many added advantages, there is no reason why a company or an institution wouldn’t opt for an institutional trading account.
How to become an institutional trader?
To become an institutional trader, you need to have at least one certification from an international organization such as FINRA, CFA, NFA, IFTA, etc. In the next step, you need to apply for a job position based on your experience. If you a beginner trader, you can start as a financial analyst, junior trader, quant programmer.
If you want to learn more about trading certifications, you can read out the article.
Things to Check While Selecting an Institutional Trading Account
On your search for the best institutional trading platform, you must keep a few things in mind. We have listed some of them below:
- Make sure that the institutional trading brokers have been operating for the last 2 years.
- Institutional traders get the best customer support. So, ensure that your broker has sizable customer support actually to utilize this privilege. Also, check if they are offering the support services in your regional language.
- Never trade on a platform and with brokers who are not regulated. No matter how great the deals are that they offer to you, there is always a great risk involved if they are not under any strict jurisdiction.
- Ask your broker how quick is their fund deposit and withdrawal services. 2-3 days of processing time is what you should aim for.
- Do your research and check if your broker has an international presence. Going ahead with institutional trading account brokers who have a reputation to maintain will be beneficial for you.
Comparing Different Institutional Trading Accounts
There is no account or trading platform that comes with a 100% guarantee for success. Similarly, your institutional trading account is not your ticket to make a profit. Your strategy and other aspects play a major role in defining how your trading journey will pan out. However, finding the best institutional trading account will definitely swap many things in your way.
Use the following guide to find your perfect institutional trading account:
- Their take on the use of technology
Technology is one thing that is constantly upgrading. If your account does not keep up with the latest technology, there are higher chances that someone else will overtake you in the race. Ask your broker before joining their platform about how frequently they update it.
- How established they are
Everything indeed branded doesn’t offer you the best deals, but such is not the case with institutional trading platforms. These brokers have a reputation to maintain. Therefore, you are likely to get better service than the ones that are already established. If your broker has an international presence, this is an added advantage.
- Their customer base and staff ratio
Always do your research before hiring an institutional broker. Collect information about how expansive is their customer base. Is it spread across different countries? Now go through their website and see how many employees do they have. Sometimes, brokers take on more than they can chew. If their customer and staff ratio is not appropriate, you will not get the services you deserve.
- Commission and fees that you would be paying
You can never be transparent enough with your broker. While established brokers always discuss their fees and/or commission before beginning the process, you must take the initiative if they don’t. Keep it professional and discuss everything before you allow them to handle your trading account.
- The kind of customer support that you will be getting
One of the perks of having an institutional trading account over a retail trading account is customer support. As you will be operating with a large sum, it is acceptable to demand more benefits. If you are not getting good customer care services, it is better to take your capital to a different broker.
- Who is regulating the accounts?
Never give even a single penny to someone whom you cannot trust. As an institutional account holder, you will be trading using a significant fund; this means that you have to be extra careful. Irrespective of how great the broker is or how advanced the platform is, nothing is worth it if a body does not regulate your broker with strict guidelines.