What is an STP Account?

An STP representative is like an ECN merchant, where all customer positions are passed straightforwardly to the market through interbank trade houses or liquidity suppliers like banks. STP Forex dealers guarantee an exceptionally straightforward exchanging climate without any irreconcilable circumstance with its customers.

What is an STP account?

STP (Straight Through Processing) account represents no dealing desk technology where all trading orders are routed directly to liquidity providers using DMA (Direct Market Access). Using an STP account, all trades will be routed first to the liquidity pool, and then all orders will be filled at the best possible price.


Notwithstanding, STP records ought not to be considered as a genuine option in contrast to ECN accounts. ECN accounts are absolutely a non-managing work area model that empowers merchants to exchange the business sectors ongoing by sending orders straightforwardly to the market. To a greater degree, STP accounts are viewed as a crossbreed of the ECN and market creator (managing work area) models. All things considered, STP Forex exchanging accounts are ending up being more appealing than conventional managing work area accounts because of the assortment of benefits that merchants appreciate. Yet, STP likewise has a couple of downsides over the further developed ECN accounts.

What are the Different Types of Currency Brokers?

Owing to several parameters, we can discriminate between many kinds of Forex brokers. Forex brokers may typically be separated into categories by:

  • Reputable and licensed brokers
  • Non-licensed brokers that are non-reputable

As per the trading platforms:

  • MT4 Forex brokers
  • MT5 Forex brokers
  • MT4 & MT5 Forex brokers
  • Brokers with a proprietary platform

As per odder executions:

  •       No Dealing Desk (NDD) Forex brokers
  •       Dealing Desk (DD) Forex brokers
  •       Hybrids Forex brokers

NDD brokers are:

  • Electronic Communication Network (ECN) Forex Broker
  • Straight Through Processing (STP) Forex broker
  • Hybrid broker(ECN+STP).

How Are STP Forex Brokers Different from Market Makers?

Market producer representatives are managing work area organizations that ingest customer orders, and either passes them inside to different customers or take the far edge of the exchange. Market producers or managing work area agents don’t interface dealers to a worldwide liquidity pool or the interbank trade. Along these lines, all orders are circulated among customers, and the dealer has the choice to either take care of requests from their customers or reject them totally as per the market’s liquidity.

Because of the 24 hours nature of the FX market, representatives experience variable liquidity and conflicting volumes for the duration of the day. It is near unthinkable for the merchant to discover purchasers and dealers for a similar volume without fail; subsequently, most intermediaries resort to taking the contrary side of their broker’s position. Since the FX market tends to make a bigger number of victors than failures, expedites, as a rule, prevail regarding benefitting from their customer’s misfortunes. Aside from the spreads, customers’ misfortunes go about as the essential wellspring of income for managing work area representatives.

Since market creators benefit from their customer’s misfortunes, all managing work area merchants have an irreconcilable circumstance with their clients. Loads of specialist tricks and untrustworthy representative practices emerge from the dealer’s covetousness to bring in cash from their customers. Most market creators resort to strategies, for example, cost control, disengaging the cost takes care of, expanding the spreads, taking care of requests at ominous value levels, and in any event, turning to change customer orders without their assent. Thusly, a larger part of brokers will, in general, lose cash with market producers.

STP Forex intermediaries are clearer in their contributions, as they, for the most part, don’t have an irreconcilable situation with their customers. All customer orders are passed straightforwardly to the liquidity supplier, and the business sectors by and large ingest the request with no mediation from the representative. STP representatives bring in cash from the spreads charged for each exchange, which is useful for the two players, all things considered.

It isn’t unexpected to encounter a critical number of re-statements and enormous slippages from market creator specialists during low liquidity seasons in the business sectors. Now and again, managing work area specialists will set aside a great deal of effort to take care of requests, which can go from a few seconds to minutes. Dealers may likewise confront stage-down occasions, which can keep them from opening or shutting their situations under great conditions. Despite what might be expected, STP accounts help decrease the number of re-cites as a dealer is associated with a bigger liquidity pool, and orders are filled moderately quicker than regular market producer accounts. One of the fundamental benefits of STP dealers is how orders are filled all the more rapidly, and exchange execution is consistent, which thusly causes merchants to exploit economic situations without the intermediary meddling in any way.

What Can be Called a Dealing Desk?

Many times as market makers, we typically mean DD brokers. Since these brokers typically hold the opposite direction of traders’ deals, the controversial word “market makers” has been used. They generally create money by spreads or by liquidity provision. Before taking a countertrade or handing it over to a liquidity supplier, they even attempt to find a suitable short or long order with their other customers. They are proven to produce artificial quotations; however, on a proportionate basis, orders are completed.

What Can be Called a No Dealing Desk?

NDD brokers employ software without the need for a dealing desk and channel trading orders straight to liquidity suppliers instead of a DD broker. With stronger and quicker loads, this helps consumers to enter actual markets. It is a connection between consumers and suppliers of liquidity, and if an order has to be completed, there are really no re-quotes. We distinguish between both the STP and the ECN, two main types of NDD Forex Brokerage firms.

STP Forex Broker Definition

A no dealing desk is required for the Straight Through Processing (STP) system. Both requests are directed to the liquidity suppliers of the broker, and rates are handled at the bid or ask rate issued by the suppliers of liquidity. Liquidity suppliers in this situation are hedge funds, large banks, plus investors who essentially serve as counterparties to each transaction. The STP currency broker typically seems to have an internal liquidity stream represented by multiple suppliers of liquidity who negotiate for the highest bid or ask ranges for STP broker trades.

In a wider context, STP implies that instead of a dealing desk reprocessing transaction, the broker firm plays a quiet link supplier between the client and the dealer. A ‘DMA’ is another advantage of an STP currency broker. DMA refers to Entry from the Direct Markets. DMA applies when dealers specifically transfer their customer requests to their liquidity pool; thus, transactions are fulfilled at the highest possible price, with the dealer spreading only a slight mark-up.

The brokerage with one of the most adjustable spreads is the one that you can always reach for. The explanation with this is that the dealer with the most flexible spreads is free to choose from their own collection the winning offer from one of the liquidity suppliers, and the better spread from some other liquidity supplier. That clearly gives their customers the finest spread. The STP implementation clearly goes with no requotes, and owing to its lightning pace; it is quite perfect for traders that like to scalp and exchange the information.

What Does It Mean by an ECN Forex broker?

Both STP and ECN Forex dealers seem to be several links, but the only real distinction is navigation. As described before, the STP can negotiate with various liquidity suppliers out of the liquidity pool, whereas the ECN functions as some hub. This hub serves efficiently as the significant funding outlet, as it is embodied by banks, fund managers, and all the big market participants.

To locate counterparties with the instructions they seem unable to manage individually, they become all intertwined. Another distinction is that ECN trade is often limited at a nominal lot size of 0.1 between the STP and the ECN. That’s because there are only a few sources of liquidity that accept only about 0.1 lots, which is tough for novice traders who really need to exchange lower sums of capital (like, between 1000-2000 EURO). Thus, as a response, a hybrid model was constructed.

Does A STP Account Guarantee No Intervention from A Broker?

STP works through a scaffold that associates a dealer’s terminal straightforwardly to a liquidity supplier or an interbank. More modest representatives likewise utilize STP spans to interface their dealers to huge intermediaries, who will, thus, decide to either associate the merchant straightforwardly to the market or choose to ingest the exchanges inside. In this way, STP is certainly not a genuine ECN elective, as ECN dealers have no job in topping off their customers’ orders. STP, then again, permits intermediaries to take advantage of a bigger liquidity pool that is given either by the worldwide trade houses or by bigger specialists. In this way, STP Forex representatives are not totally liberated from irreconcilable situations. Yet, STP accounts give a more prominent suspicion that all is well and good than conventional market producer merchants.

Difference between ECN and STP broker

Differences between ECN and STP brokers are:

  • ECN accounts use a hub routing system for trading orders, while STP brokers use a liquidity pool.
  • ECN minimum lot size is 1 mini lot while STP broker minimum lot size is 1 micro lot.
  • ECN accounts traders will be charged a fixed commission for opening and closing trades, while STP accounts charge commission using spreads from liquidity providers.


STP and ECN have a few comparable qualities. Yet, a few dealers lean toward STP in its unadulterated structure because of the absence of a commission for each exchange normally connected with ECN accounts. Most institutional merchants open ECN records to appreciate more tight spreads at the expense of a commission for each exchange charged as a level of the exchanged parcels. Hawkers are additionally known to exchange with ECN conditions to get in and out of the business sectors as fast as could really be expected and appreciate more tight spreads for better market execution. Notwithstanding, some retail merchants are more alright with the higher STP spreads instead of representing each exchange’s commission. Hence, if commission-streamlined commerce is your need, STP records can give a larger number of benefits than ECN accounts.

ECN has a high ground over ordinary STP accounts as brokers are presented to the real liquidity accessible on the lookout regarding exchange execution speed. STP records might be crossed over to bigger specialists or trade houses, resulting in more slow exchange execution times and a couple of re-cites. ECN accounts have negligible occurrences of re-statements. It is ensured that a dealer’s position will be filled at the strike cost, regardless of whether it is a fractional satisfaction of the request.

How Do I Make the Choice Between ECN and STP Forex Brokers?

On the off chance that you think it’s hard to settle on ECN and STP’s decision, you should exchange on a demo record to get comfortable with the two stages and settle on a framework that suits your exchanging style. A few dealers may discover ECN to be more costly from a commission perspective. However, they might be astounded to discover that ECN records may end up being more prudent over the long haul. ECN accounts give the best-exchanging conditions; in any case, STP accounts are not a long way behind the speed of exchanging and the general exchanging climate. Despite your decision, consistently pick a Forex intermediary that a legitimate administrative office directs and guarantee that the agent of your decision has a decent standing on the lookout. Straight Through Processing or STP Brokers are sending merchants’ orders straightforwardly to the market without managing work area mediation (or NDD) implies directly to the liquidity suppliers the market is predictable of and the one’s specific specialist participating with.

Regularly, the representative has numerous liquidity suppliers: either banks or bigger intermediaries producing its own offer and ask cost. Notwithstanding, it’s an alternative to execute through one liquidity supplier, as certain representatives rehearsing that, thus bringing further liquidity pool.

The STP execution likewise implies there is no re-statement or deferral in taking care of requests. The innovation executes in extraordinary speed, sorts cite among the contribution and takes care of requests at best accessible cost adding-on little fixed markup normally 1 pip to the statement. Frequently, the STP type brings variable spreads because of the evolving offer/ask costs, yet at a serious spread worth generally lower than Market Makers.

In any case, one of the benefits of STP execution is that the specialist never makes benefits on customers’ misfortunes since the organization acquires its net from various executed requests and keener on the exchanging sizes.

What is the hybrid account?

A mix of the ECN and the STP can be called the Hybrid account model. Generally, dealers are willing to offer excellent client support, training, and multiple industry assessments for this arrangement. A complete electronic Forex trading operation is possible by combining the ECN and STP versions. This famous combination enables a Forex broker to completely optimize the customer orders, coping with spread prices and the facets of their transaction execution company’s trading activity.


For Currency traders, nevertheless, the hybrid version is an excellent choice. Brokers prevent market manipulation with both the STP and the ECN versions. For dealers and brokers, too, that is a winning scenario. Brokers would not want traders to fail because the more customers choose their platform to sell, they can gain money from spread or commission.



Igor has been a trader since 2007. Currently, Igor works for several prop trading companies. He is an expert in financial niche, long-term trading, and weekly technical levels. The primary field of Igor's research is the application of machine learning in algorithmic trading. Education: Computer Engineering and Ph.D. in machine learning. Igor regularly publishes trading-related videos on the Fxigor Youtube channel. To contact Igor write on: igor@forex.in.rs

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