What is DD&A – Depreciation Depletion and Amortization

What is DD&A?

DD&A stands for Depreciation, Depletion, and Amortization and represents an approach in accounting that helps organizations gradually charge certain costs to expenses, enabling a reduction in the value of an asset.

  • DD&A (Depreciation, depletion, and amortization) is an approach in accounting that helps organizations slowly spend certain assets from financial balance to equate the expenses of dividends.
  • The reduction applies to the value of an existing resource. Thus, deficiency is related to the value of withdrawing natural assets & amortization is associated with the subtraction of untouchable resources.
  • These techniques are probably adopted concerning procurement, analysis, and evolution of the latest oil refineries and natural gas storage.
  • Depreciation, depletion, and amortization allegations are provided on the organization’s statement of net income.

Reduction spares out the value of an existing resource from its performing life; deficiency allots the importance of withdrawing natural assets like minerals, timber, and oil from the earth’s core. Finally, amortization means the subtraction of non-touchable resources after a specific period. Most certainly, the total age of a resource. Generally, all industries are familiar with amortization and depreciation, whereas depletion is more specifically adopted by organizations dealing with natural resources. Hence, these techniques are probably adopted concerning procurement, analysis, and evolution of the latest oil refineries and natural gas storage.


DD&A Awareness

Accumulation accounts allow an organization to admit the central expenditures in time to show the utilization of linked resources. In short, this helps companies to equate the spending incurred to achieve specific production.

For instance, a machine or its part needs a significant amount of money disbursement, which can be spent throughout its working lifecycle instead of some specific time interval when the allocation happened. Hence such an approach in the field of accounts is fabricated to achieve more precise results in terms of business profit.

Depreciation, depletion, and amortization (DD&A) is a general accounting technique for different organizations. Therefore, investigators and stakeholders involved in the business of natural resources need to be familiar with this expenditure and how this relates to cash moment and significant expenses.

What is DD&A per BOE?

DDA&A per BOE stands for Depreciation, Depletion, and Amortization for Barrel of Oil Equivalent and represents cost reduction (value decreasing) for the amount of energy equivalent to the amount of energy found in a barrel of crude oil.


What is Depreciation?

Depreciation represents the accounting method that allocates the cost of the tangible assets when assets lose value over time until the asset’s value becomes zero. For example, if you buy a machine that costs $10000 and useful life is 5 years, your machine value will decrease by $2000 every year until the value of the machine becomes zero. 

Reduction (depreciation) applies to the cost acquired in purchasing the resource with its performing life of more than a year. Therefore, some percent of its value is subtracted from its estimated performing life cycle.

What is Depletion?

Depletion represents the reduction in quantity as an actual physical reduction of the company’s natural resources. For example, depletion occurs due to the exhaustion of the supply of a specific natural resource such as coil, minerals, oil, forest, etc.

Deficiency (depletion) helps reduce the cost of resources cumulatively via organized imputation to compensation. However, it is different in terms of slow debility of natural resources, disputed to wear and tear of dependable resources, or the life cycle of untouchable resources.

This expenditure is generally accounted for by prospectors, oil and gas drillers, loggers & other firms associated with natural resources withdrawals. Companies with budgetary concerns in ore property or footing timber can consider deficiency expenditures counter to the resources utilized. It can be determined based on the percentage of its value, and a company should choose the one that avails bigger subtraction of taxes.

Depreciation vs. Depletion

The difference between depreciation and depletion is that depreciation represents a decrease in the value of a tangible asset (for example machine value in dollars-decrease every year). In contrast, depletion is the physical reduction of natural resources (for example, 5 tonnes of forest depletion).

What is Amortization?

Amortization represents the accounting method that allocates the cost of the intangible assets when assets lose value over time, such as patents, copyrights, taxi licenses, and trademarks.

If compared, amortization is identical to depreciation, but only theoretically, as it applies to untouchable resources like licenses, patents & trademarks instead of touchable resources or machinery. Capital leases can also be amortized.

What is D&A?

D&A in accounting stands for depreciation and amortization and represents allocating method of the cost for tangible (machine, building, etc. ) and intangible assets (patents, copyrights, taxi licenses, and trademarks) when assets lose value over time.

Keeping a record of DD&A (Depreciation, Depletion, and Amortization)

If an organization uses all of these accounting techniques, it will be reported in their yearly financial statements in DD&A (depreciation, depletion, and amortization). The earnings statement will display one line showing the volume of money charged for the accounting spent.

Reasonable statements might be given in references if there are any vast variations in DD&A (depreciation, depletion, and amortization) charges between two periods.

Data entry is also done in the balance sheet. Since purchase, the total money volume reflects aggregated DD & A (depreciation, depletion, and amortization). Resources degrade in terms of their value as time passes, also shown in balance sheets. 



Igor has been a trader since 2007. Currently, Igor works for several prop trading companies. He is an expert in financial niche, long-term trading, and weekly technical levels. The primary field of Igor's research is the application of machine learning in algorithmic trading. Education: Computer Engineering and Ph.D. in machine learning. Igor regularly publishes trading-related videos on the Fxigor Youtube channel. To contact Igor write on: igor@forex.in.rs

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