U.S. Core PCE Price Index – PCE Forecast!

The Core Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Price Index is a critical economic indicator used by policymakers, economists, and market participants to gauge inflationary pressures in the United States. Released monthly by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), the Core PCE Price Index excludes the more volatile and seasonal food and energy prices, providing a more stable measure of underlying inflation trends. This article delves into the importance, calculation, and implications of the Core PCE Price Index, mainly focusing on its most recent release on May 31, 2024, which reported an annual increase of 2.8%.

Release DateTimeActualForecastPrevious
Jun 28, 2024 (May)08:302.8%
May 31, 2024 (Apr)08:302.8%2.8%2.8%
Apr 26, 2024 (Mar)08:302.8%2.6%2.8%
Mar 29, 2024 (Feb)08:302.8%2.8%2.9%
Feb 29, 2024 (Jan)09:302.8%2.8%2.9%
Jan 26, 2024 (Dec)09:302.9%3.0%3.2%
Dec 22, 2023 (Nov)09:303.2%3.3%3.4%
Nov 30, 2023 (Oct)09:303.5%3.5%3.7%
Oct 27, 2023 (Sep)08:303.7%3.7%3.8%
Sep 29, 2023 (Aug)08:303.9%3.9%4.3%
Aug 31, 2023 (Jul)08:304.2%4.2%4.1%
Jul 28, 2023 (Jun)08:304.1%4.2%4.6%
Jun 30, 2023 (May)08:304.6%4.7%4.7%
May 26, 2023 (Apr)08:304.7%4.6%4.6%
Apr 28, 2023 (Mar)08:304.6%4.5%4.7%
Mar 31, 2023 (Feb)08:304.6%4.7%4.7%
Feb 24, 2023 (Jan)09:304.7%4.3%4.6%
Jan 27, 2023 (Dec)09:304.4%4.4%4.7%
Dec 23, 2022 (Nov)09:304.7%4.7%5.0%
Dec 01, 2022 (Oct)09:305.0%5.0%5.2%
Oct 28, 2022 (Sep)08:305.1%5.2%4.9%
Sep 30, 2022 (Aug)08:304.9%4.7%4.7%
Aug 26, 2022 (Jul)08:304.6%4.7%4.8%
Jul 29, 2022 (Jun)08:304.8%4.7%4.7%
Jun 30, 2022 (May)08:304.7%4.8%4.9%
May 27, 2022 (Apr)08:304.9%4.9%5.2%
Apr 29, 2022 (Mar)08:305.2%5.3%5.3%
Mar 31, 2022 (Feb)08:305.4%5.5%5.2%
Feb 25, 2022 (Jan)09:305.2%5.1%4.9%
Jan 28, 2022 (Dec)09:304.9%4.8%4.7%
Dec 23, 2021 (Nov)09:304.7%4.5%4.2%
Nov 24, 2021 (Oct)11:004.1%4.1%3.7%
Oct 29, 2021 (Sep)08:303.6%3.7%3.6%
Oct 01, 2021 (Aug)08:303.6%3.6%3.6%
Aug 27, 2021 (Jul)08:303.6%3.6%3.6%
Jul 30, 2021 (Jun)08:303.5%3.7%3.4%
Jun 25, 2021 (May)08:303.4%3.4%3.1%
May 28, 2021 (Apr)08:303.1%2.9%1.9%
Apr 30, 2021 (Mar)08:301.8%1.8%1.4%
Mar 26, 2021 (Feb)09:301.4%1.5%1.5%
Feb 26, 2021 (Jan)09:301.5%1.4%1.4%
Jan 29, 2021 (Dec)09:301.5%1.3%1.4%

Importance of the Core PCE Price Index

The Core PCE Price Index is considered the Federal Reserve’s preferred measure of inflation for several reasons:

  1. Comprehensive Scope: Unlike the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which focuses on out-of-pocket expenditure, the PCE Price Index includes expenditures on behalf of households, such as healthcare services provided by employers or the government. This provides a broader view of consumer spending.
  2. Weighting: The PCE Price Index uses a formula that adjusts for changes in consumer behavior, more accurately reflecting shifts in purchasing patterns. This makes it a more flexible and responsive measure of inflation.
  3. Policy Implications: The Federal Reserve monitors the Core PCE Price Index to set monetary policy. An increase in the index may prompt the Fed to raise interest rates to curb inflation, while a decrease might lead to lower rates to stimulate the economy.

pce us

Calculation of the Core PCE Price Index

The Core PCE Price Index is derived from the broader PCE Price Index, which measures the average price increase for all domestic personal consumption. The core measure excludes food and energy prices due to their volatility and susceptibility to supply shocks. The calculation involves:

  1. Data Collection: Gathering price data from a wide range of household goods and services.
  2. Exclusion of Volatile Items: Removing food and energy prices to smooth out short-term fluctuations.
  3. Weighting and Indexing: Assigning weights to different items based on their share of total consumer expenditures and calculating a weighted average.
  4. Annualized Calculation: Converting the monthly data into a year-over-year (YoY) figure to track long-term inflation trends.

Latest Release: May 31, 2024

The latest release of the Core PCE Price Index on May 31, 2024, showed a YoY increase of 2.8%, matching both the forecast and the previous month’s figure. This consistency indicates a stable inflation rate within the range considered acceptable by the Federal Reserve, which typically aims for a 2% inflation target.

Implications for the Economy and Markets

  1. Monetary Policy: The steady 2.8% increase suggests that the Federal Reserve might maintain its current stance on interest rates, as the inflation rate is not showing signs of accelerating or decelerating sharply.
  2. Currency Impact: The impact on the U.S. dollar can be dual-faceted:
    • Positive: If the inflation rate suggests economic strength, it could lead to expectations of higher interest rates, bolstering the dollar.
    • Negative: Rising inflation might exacerbate economic woes in a recessionary context, potentially weakening the dollar due to anticipated economic stagnation.
  3. Investor Sentiment: Stable inflation rates can bolster investor confidence, as predictable inflation reduces uncertainty in financial markets. However, any unexpected deviations in future releases could trigger volatility.


The Core PCE Price Index is a vital tool for understanding inflation dynamics in the U.S. economy. The latest release, showing a 2.8% annual increase, aligns with forecasts and previous data, indicating a stable inflationary environment. As a critical input for Federal Reserve policy decisions, market participants closely watch this measure for insights into future economic and monetary policy trends. Understanding the Core PCE Price Index and its implications helps make informed decisions in economics, finance, and investment.



Igor has been a trader since 2007. Currently, Igor works for several prop trading companies. He is an expert in financial niche, long-term trading, and weekly technical levels. The primary field of Igor's research is the application of machine learning in algorithmic trading. Education: Computer Engineering and Ph.D. in machine learning. Igor regularly publishes trading-related videos on the Fxigor Youtube channel. To contact Igor write on: igor@forex.in.rs

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