Forex Trading Essentials – Essential Guide to Forex Trading

An Insight on Modern Forex Trading Essentials and Markets

Forex is the name given to foreign money and trading using foreign money. A trade using foreign money is the way towards converting one money into another cash for several reasons. These reasons can be influenced by businesses, exchanges, or travel and tourism. This blog discusses in-depth forex trading essentials. Read it, and you will have your concepts clear regarding Forex markets and forex trading.

The foreign exchange market or forex market is a place where different monetary currencies are traded or exchanged. Foreign currencies are critical to people far and wide. If you are living in the U.S. and need to purchase a product from France, it is possible that you or the organization purchases the product from France and pays the French for the product in euros. This means that the U.S. merchant would require to trade an equal value of U.S. dollars into euros.

A global market is a place devoid of a focal commercial center for making foreign trade. Currency trading is directed electronically, and that implies that all trading happens using PC systems between merchants globally, rather than a centralized exchange. The forex market remains open throughout the day, seven days a week, barring the weekends, and monetary currencies are exchanged across the world in major financial centers of New York, London, Tokyo, Frankfurt, Zurich, Hong Kong, Paris, Singapore, and Sydney. This means that when the U.S. trading day shuts down, the foreign exchange market commences over again in Hong Kong and Tokyo. The foreign exchange markets can be very dynamic at any time of the day, the price quotes in a foreign exchange market evolving continuously.

Forex terms

What is forex trading?

Forex trading is the conversion of one national currency into another to make a profit. Forex trading involves buying and selling currency pairs and can be defined as buying one currency and another’s simultaneous selling.

What is the forex market?

The forex market is a global marketplace for exchanging national currencies against one another, including banks, funds, trading companies, and individuals.

How to Become a Forex Trader?

To become a forex trader, you need to start reading books related to currency exchange, technical analysis, and fundamental analysis. In the next step, you need to practice on a demo account (virtual account), learn to make decisions, and create bad and good trading positions. Finally, when you see profit gains in the demo account, open a forex trading account, make the first deposit, and become a forex trader.

Are you looking for the right forex tips and tricks that can help? If yes, then you have certainly landed on the right page. In this article, you will reveal a total of seventeen unique and helpful tips and tricks that you can apply right away. Note, these tips can be applied to trading options, stocks, and the commodity market. Plus, any trader can use these tips and tricks, irrespective of whether you are a swing trader, intraday trader, or positional trader.

Lot size in forex trading

What is lot size in currency trading?

What is a lot in forex? Lot in forex represents the measure of position size of each trade.  A micro-lot consists of 1000 units of currency, a mini-lot 10.000 units, and a standard lot has 100,000 units. The risk of the forex trader can be divided into account risk and trade risk. All these factors are considered to determine the right position size, irrespective of the market conditions, trading strategy, or setup.

Forex Trading Essentials

Forex trading essentials tips are:

  • Choose the ideal broker: This is certainly the most crucial starting point of your forex trading journey. Please ensure to have sufficient time to thoroughly check the available broker facilities and choose the right one. Your trader must be experienced, licensed, and trustworthy. In addition to it, the broker should be compatible with your particular trading style. Please avoid unauthorized, incompetent, and inexperienced brokers.
  • Have your own strategy: Before you start trading, please make sure to spend adequate time to find and fix your goals. According to your goals, you must set up the right trading strategy. Also, make sure to follow the right trading discipline, which is an absolute must.
  • Be patient: Patience is essential in forex trading as the market is highly volatile. Since you’re a beginner-level trader, you should follow a go-slow approach. Do not make big money trades at once. Rather, you should start with small investments and spend time understanding the market situations and the risk factors. This will be the key to your overall success.
  • Don’t be emotional: Being emotional in forex trading is an absolute no. You should be able to make clear, unemotional, and rational trading decisions. Also, you must control your stress and anxiety level in cases of a loss or if the market situation doesn’t favor you. To reduce the stress level, you should do proper risk management planning to identify potential risks and smartly mitigate them.
  • Practice a lot: Practice is essential if you wish to be a successful trader. Continued trading practice can help you garner consistent, successful, and top results. You can easily practice by creating a live demo account with various online trading platforms.
  • Analysis: Successful trading also requires adequate research and analysis. So, before you kick-start a trading journey, please make sure to perform some research and analysis of the market, investment trends, economic situations, and geopolitical issues, etc.
  • Be Realistic: No forex trading system can offer you a 100% profit. Hence, please be realistic about your profit potential and beware of failures/risks that you may encounter from time to time. The idea is to mitigate and avoid risks and achieve profits.
  • Trading education: Be educated in forex trading. First of all, you must know the trading basics. In addition to it, you are recommended to analyze trends, news, and financial processes, and relevant articles and tutorials. Forex trading education requires time, patience, and devotion. And, once you’ve mastered this education, it will definitely benefit you.
  • Take some breaks: After a prolonged and demanding trading session, you must take some breaks. This will help you to clear your mind and further allow you to make rational judgments.
  • Identify the right trends: To succeed in forex trading, you must identify the right trends and use them in your own favor. Spotting the right trends and applying them proactively can improve your success rate a lot.
  • Choose the right trading condition: Picking the right trading condition is also quite important. Not only should you aim to get the best possible service, but also you must try to get favorable spreads.
  • Planning: Before placing any forex trade, you should do the right planning. Do not place a trade without having a solid strategic plan. In addition to it, you must create a backup plan if the situation doesn’t favor you.
  • Consider using charts: Using charts can be very helpful and useful when you are trading on multiple markets continuously. You can use the charts to grasp a clear visual representation of the numeric data easily. This data will help you make the right forex trading decision.
  • Do not overtrade: Please do not attempt to make overtrades. Overstrades are very risky, and they are subjected to losses. Do not place reckless trades. Instead, you are recommended to set up the trading plan and set up a maximum amount of trades that you can make per day and week.
  • Never be greedy: This is the most important tip for forex trading. If you are greedy, it will bring unnecessary risks. You should target the profit amount as well as the maximum acceptable loss. Whenever you reach either of these two limits, please stop trading. Or else, it may incur more losses than your wins.
  • Use stop-loss: Using stop-losses is a smart and meaningful idea. It reduces all the risks of losing all of your money/capital on a single bad trade. Basically, if you can not predict the close positions, it’s better to go for a stop-loss option.
  • Experiment: Since the forex trading market is dynamic, you can’t follow any fixed trading strategy. Instead, you will need to evolve your trading strategy and be flexible with your strategy. Please feel free to learn and apply new and advanced trading methods. This will improve your trading results. You can also use advanced tools and features to enhance your experiences, such as the tick chart trader, the mini terminal, the indicator package, the trading terminal, the mini chart, and the trading simulator.

With this, you have revealed seventeen forex tips and tricks that can help. These tips and tricks can enrich your journey to becoming a successful forex trader.

Also note, success in trading depends on your hard work, practice, and patience. So, do not lose these three qualities ever. These three attributes, along with the aforementioned tips and tricks, will be your guideline for the ultimate trading success.


It cannot be denied that some drastic pitfalls can cause devastation for many traders. That is why it is important to consider the forex trading essentials you need for better trading success. It is a good idea to compare your style of trading to some of these essential elements. You really should incorporate some of the essential elements when you conduct your trades on the forex market. Otherwise, you will be setting yourself up for a high-risk rate if you do not do so.

Widen your perspective regarding the time.

If you are not a trader on the forex who is well seasoned, you should not dare to view a price chart for shorter than sixty minutes. Your judgment will experience being distorted due to the randomness of the normal trades in the forex market. But when you apply longer time frames, your judgment will allow you to see the real picture. That is why it is recommended to use time frames noted as being sixty minutes and as much as four hours. It is even wise to apply the usage of daily charts to the planning of your trades.

Implement the reduction of the size of your position by using a maximum of five percent.

If you have trading capital in use upfront over three to five percent, this is a big problem. When you apply the usage of leverage that is ranked as being high, it is too easy for you to get into too high of a risky situation. This causes many snares for several traders, and this can also result in the quick destruction of your account. You must know how to engage in riding the waves of volatility that are frequent occurrences within the forex market.

Allow your trade time to perform.

It is only possible for you to use this type of option in a manner that is effective in such instances that you ensure that there is the safe sizing of your position regarding point two that was already mentioned. The truth is that on the forex market, there is a dramatic fluctuation in prices. That is why you must be certain that a loss truly is regarded as being a loss before the fact of you closing your trade that may be moving opposite of your intended plan. A stop-loss with a pip of thirty will usually prevent you from conducting your trade just as it seems like it will turn in your favor. You must be willing to permit swings in prices that are larger. If you know the key trend for prices, then have some patience and allow things to turn in your favor.

Decrease your reliance on technical indicators.

It is to be noted that indicators categorized as technical conduct the gathering of their data from events that have transpired in the past. Therefore, the truth is that technical indicators possess no power to provide indications of what will happen in the future. Professional traders tend to experience high levels of success based on their knowledge of how most people will respond to the data that the technical indicators provide. In essence, those who are professional traders do not rely on the direct data of indicators that are technical. Traders must be able to gain a comprehension of the present key trends. This can be achieved by examining a simple moving average. Thus, it is wise to allow for the usage of a time frame that is longer.

Conduct trading only by using one or two pairs of currency.

When you are trading, it is good to stick with using only major key pairs of currency. That means that you should not engage in applying the usage of crosses of currencies. Data that is fundamental is what is used for the sake of determining the prices of a currency. To comprehend what will likely happen shortly, you must follow the basic data provided concerning the pairs of currency of particular countries. It will be difficult for you to keep informed of the pertinent data regularly if you engage in conducting trades in a wide spectrum of different currencies. There is a great opportunity likely to achieve a profit from each of your pairs, which is why it is advised for you to be patient to wait until you have reached a mature level of experience so that the information will be much easier for you to grasp before commencing trading in more expensive currencies.

Conduct averages in and out regarding your trading efforts.

In such cases that your trading account possesses an amount of money that equates to less than fifty thousand dollars, it would be worth your effort to ensure that the brokerage firm that you use when trading permits mini lots for your usage with your account. This will permit you to conduct averages in and out regarding your trades. This is a wonderful method to increase the flexibility of your particular account. If this is your situation, but your brokerage firm does not grant mini lots, it is truly in your best interest to consider using a different brokerage firm. This will empower you to have more success when you engage in conducting trades on the forex market. Therefore, this is truly a prudent step to reduce your risk level and prevent losses from occurring.


Stock markets are old; they existed for centuries. On the contrary, foreign exchange markets are new. People use the forex market to convert currencies to their advantage. In this context, it is relevant to say that the values of the foreign currencies vary, and this feature of foreign exchanges has given rise to foreign exchange trading and services. Investment and commercial banks do trading in forex markets on behalf of the customers. There can be speculative opportunities for trading in one currency against another of individual and professional investors.

At the commencement, there was the usage of a system for bartering. This could entail the conducting of the exchanging of items with people as needs arise. However, there is evidence that the concrete limitations indicated the need to implement other better exchange channels that would be more widely accepted with higher benefits for a wider range of people.

Therefore, metal coins were used. Then the use of paper forms of monetary value regarding governmental IOUs had to undergo the sanction of being approved by political powers during the Middle Ages.

Before the First World War, most centralized banks provided support for their monetary values via the possibility to convert it to gold. However, sometimes there was instability at the political level due to inflation that caused much devastation. This was linked to the expansion of the usage of paper money that did not carry gold coverage. Hence, there was the implementation of forex controls for the sake of granting protection for various nations.

The United States of America presented the Bretton Woods agreement during the time of the Second World War. This resulted in the agreement setting forth a system for fixed exchange rates that ushered in the fortification of the gold standard to some degree and provided the US dollar’s stability at 35/oz. It also indicated fixed rates regarding other major forms of currency to the US dollar and was deemed as gaining a state of permanence.

The past few decades have experienced the development of the forex achieving the status of being the largest trading market of its kind on the planet. It is noted that for most countries, restrictions regarding the flow of capital have been lifted. This has allowed the nations’ markets to become independent when settling the rates of their currency values according to their own perceptions.


There are three separate ways that foundations, enterprises as well as people practice forex trade. Forex resources are exchanged by the spot markets, the forward’s markets, and the futures markets. Forex exchanging using the spot markets has been the largest market, and this is because it is the genuine resource on which the forwards and futures markets depend. Previously, the futures markets were quite popular for brokers. This is because the futures markets were accessible to individual investors for an extended timeframe. However, with electronic-exchanging and forex brokers, the spot markets have observed a tremendous surge in inactivity. It currently excels in the futures markets as the favored market for foreign exchange for individual financial investors. When individuals use the forex markets, they, for the most part, use the spot markets. The forwards and futures markets have the potentiality to become increasingly famous as the organizations shield their foreign exchange hazards in the days to come.

The spot market is where monetary currencies are bought and then sold according to their current cost. The cost of foreign currencies is dictated by demand and supply. The cost of the foreign currencies reflects things like the current rates of interests, financial performance, sentiments towards local and global political circumstances, and the perception of one currency’s performance against another. Whenever a deal is finalized, it is referred to as a “spot deal.” Spot deals are bilateral transactions, and in these transactions, one side makes the delivery of agreed-upon money to the other side and obtains a predetermined value of another currency at the agreed-upon foreign exchange rates value. After the closure of a position, real money is used to make repayment. The spot markets are normally known as that market that manages foreign exchanges in the present. However, these exchanges take about two days to complete.

The forwards and futures markets are very different from the spot markets as they don’t exchange genuine monetary currencies. They bargain using contracts that speak about a particular type of currency with a certain cost for every unit and a future date for repayment. In the forward’s markets, contracts are bought and sold between two sides, who decide on the terms and the conditions of the contract between themselves. Futures contracts are bought and then sold based on a standard size and date for settlement on public commodities markets in the futures markets. Futures contracts have details like the number of units being exchanged, dates for conveyance or settlement, and minimum price hikes.

The two kinds of agreements discussed above are authoritative and ordinarily made using money upon expiry. The forwards and the futures markets have the potential to offer protection from risks while exchanging currencies. Typically, huge worldwide organizations utilize these business sectors to shield against future forex-rate fluctuations, yet speculators also participate in these business sectors.


Organizations operating in foreign nations are dangerous because of variations in money values when buying or selling merchandise outside their local markets. Forex markets offer an approach to shield cash risks by mentioning a rate at which the foreign exchange will finish. Often traders buy or sell foreign currencies in forwarding markets well in advance. This practice is referred to as how Forex is used for hedging. The advantage of Forex hedging is that futures contracts are often standardized and cleared by a central authority. However, in this case, the currency futures are less liquid than the forward markets, which are decentralized and exist in the interbank systems globally.

The forex permits the linking of banks and brokerage firms via an electronic network about the forex. Via the usage of this network, they can engage in converting currencies from nations across the globe. Forex is regarded as the primary financial market on the planet that demonstrates the highest level of liquidity. As well, it is the largest market of its kind on the planet. The daily volume of currencies dealt with each day is more than one trillion and nine hundred billion dollars regarding the currency market. There are occasions when the dollar value exceeds the full volume regarding all future markets and equities of the United States of America.

It is noted that the common perception is that commercial banks, investment banks, and government centralized banks hold domination over the forex market. This is the reason that those who are private investors hold the preference to conduct their dealings via the currency exchanges. It is much simpler for them to gain access due to today’s technological innovations, such as internet provision.

The widest span of currencies that undergo much trading on the forex tends to include the Japanese yen, the British pound, the Swiss franc, the US dollar, the Australian dollar, and the Canadian dollar. Trading on the forex takes place for a period of five days each week for twenty-four hours of each of those days. Dealers across the globe have constant access to the forex. There is no designated central location or a physical location regarding the forex, though this is the case with the futures markets and the stock market. Two corresponding individuals conduct their transactions via the usage of a phone line or the usage of an electronic network application.



Igor has been a trader since 2007. Currently, Igor works for several prop trading companies. He is an expert in financial niche, long-term trading, and weekly technical levels. The primary field of Igor's research is the application of machine learning in algorithmic trading. Education: Computer Engineering and Ph.D. in machine learning. Igor regularly publishes trading-related videos on the Fxigor Youtube channel. To contact Igor write on:

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