Valuation Approach in Financial Management

What is the Valuation Approach in Financial Management?

The valuation Approach represents the methodology that determines business fair market value, such as The Income Approach, The Market Approach, or The Asset-based Approach.

Here we list down the most commonly used valuation approaches.

The Income Approach methodology – This Cash flow-based valuation approach quantifies net present values associated with future benefits in addition to ownership of asset or interest. Cash flow is taken before the interest payments to debt holders to value the total firm. Estimated future benefits accruing to the owner get capitalized or discontinued at the appropriate rate for associated risks with future benefits. Some common income approaches are earning capitalization (or the cash flow) and methodology with the discounted type of cash flow.


Market approach methodology is ideal for determining the fair and rough market value after thoroughly reviewing accurate transactions of assets and comparable companies. M& plus the stock market activities would be considered while deriving many value measures needed for the subject entity. Most professional appraisals use valuation methods for the market approach: Guideline publicly traded company method and comparative transactional method.

The Asset-based Approach methodology uses current company value tangible net assets like the critical determinant for the fair value. Such an approach is generally ideal where the business wouldn’t be much of an ongoing concern or if the company remains a going concern with the value getting directly tied to the liquidated value of underlying investments and tangible assets.

This asset-based valuation approach is ideal for a helpful reasonableness check upon reviewing value conclusions derived from market and income methods.

Full valuation approach

The full valuation approach represents a simple methodology to measure interest rate risk in a bond. Using this methodology, the bond price is calculated as the sum of its future cash flows discounted by the interest rate.

Valuation Approach in Detail

A few valuation approaches might be more appropriate than others, which would depend on the situation.

The market approach can be seen with its most common uses from business owners for determining fair business market value.

Such an approach would be quite misleading as the comparable required can be publicly-based companies and various private-based transactions with varying characteristics and wouldn’t relate to each other.

Also, the market approach wouldn’t apply in different circumstances where a company experiences rapid growth. In such an instance, having a discounted method for cash flow would be pretty appropriate.

Valuation of a private company can be a pretty complicated and lengthy process as it can be said as a mixture of tiny parts of science and art.” Therefore, our advice would be for the seller to get in touch with a professional business valuator having practical experience for transactions or M&A professional to provide either total variation or company value indication.

All valuation approaches depend on pricing multiples that measure the relationship of the business and economic indicators like profits, prospective selling price, and revenues.

Business sales that mostly resemble business getting valued are commonly required for getting pricing multiples estimate. Therefore, statistical analysis of actual business sale data would help establish business valuation market comps.

You can thoroughly identify market business valuation for different valuation business comparison methods available under the market approach. Businesses also use professional valuation methods such as comparative analysis, precedent transactions, and DCF analysis.

If the company will not continue to operate, then a liquidation value would be estimated based on breaking and selling its assets. Therefore, the deal would be discounted as it would assume assets would be sold quickly.

The valuation Approach in Financial Management can be applied in other science fields, such as information studies.

Measuring the value of information an asset valuation approach

The value of information can be measured using the asset valuation approach to define several “laws” that govern its behavior as an economic good. Then we apply the valuation approach methodology.

Steps are:

  • examining the nature of information as an asset
  • defines several “laws” that govern its behavior as an economic good
  • looks at alternative asset valuation models
  • apply valuation methods to reflect the unique characteristics of information as an asset.





Igor has been a trader since 2007. Currently, Igor works for several prop trading companies. He is an expert in financial niche, long-term trading, and weekly technical levels. The primary field of Igor's research is the application of machine learning in algorithmic trading. Education: Computer Engineering and Ph.D. in machine learning. Igor regularly publishes trading-related videos on the Fxigor Youtube channel. To contact Igor write on:

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